Cocker Spaniel – Breed ProfileCocker Spaniel – Breed Profile

Cocker Spaniel.

Cocker Spaniel - Breed Profile

The American Cocker Spaniel and English Cocker Spaniel are separate breeds that are both known only as Cocker Spaniels in their home countries. The American breed was developed from the English Cocker Spaniel.

Cocker Spaniels are bred to hunt quail and other small birds. The term “cocker” was from their skills in pursuing Eurasian woodcocks. These handsome dogs are the smallest of the sporting group. The breed received worldwide fame from playing the female lead in the movie Lady and the Tramp.

General Characteristic List.

Classification: Sporting dog

Weight Range:

Male: 24 to 28 lb

Female: 24 to 28 lb

Height at Withers:

Male: 15 inches

Female: 14 inches

Unique Features: Natural long floppy ears.


Exercise Requirements: 20 to 40 minutes per day

Energy Level: High

Life Expectancy: 14 to 16 years

The tendency to Drool: Moderate

The tendency to Snore: Low

The tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: High

Bred For: Bird flushing, retrieving

Coat Length: Long

Coat Characteristics: Straight

Coat Colours: Ranging from solid (black, cream, tan, red) to combinations with white and tan markings.

Overall Grooming Needs: High

Garden Requirements: No

Prevalence: Common

The personality of the Cocker Spaniel.

Cocker Spaniels have a sweet temperament. They are easy-going and affectionate. Playful and active, these lively pups get along well with children, significantly when raised together. With proper introduction, they live peacefully among other dogs, cats and small pets.

Some Cocker Spaniels can be a little nervous and can pee when excited. Bred to be a hunting dog, Cocker Spaniels that are off the leash can chase after birds and other small animals. Early and proper socialisation is required to develop a well-rounded Cocker.

Cocker Spaniels in the home.

Cocker Spaniels love to cuddle and get attention from their families. They are happy to participate in any group activities. This dog is better behaved when kept active and busy because when left on his own for too long, he might respond by digging, chewing or barking excessively.

This breed is well suited for apartment living as long as he gets regular walks. He enjoys living in a home with a fenced-in yard or space to romp around. His beautiful locks may get tangled when playing around bushes. Grooming the coat can be expensive and time-consuming.


Cocker Spaniels are responsive dogs that are eager to please. Though they can be overly submissive, they are good candidates for canine sports like agility and obedience competitions. Some believe that these dogs can be stubborn and not easy to housebreak. The jury is still out on that one.

Cocker Spaniels have a sensitive nature and don’t respond well to harsh treatment. They have been known to growl or snap when fearful or in pain. Gentle, consistent training with positive reinforcement is recommended to achieve the best outcome.


The Cocker Spaniel has long ears that need regular examination for infections. This breed is susceptible to eye problems like progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, glaucoma and eye abnormalities.

Other genetic diseases that Cocker Spaniels are predisposed to include anaemia, hypothyroidism, skin disease, allergies, epilepsy, canine hip dysplasia and patellar luxation.

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