Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Breed Profile.
Bred from toy “comforter spaniels”, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a beautiful small dog that originated in the United Kingdom. This dog was top-rated among the wealthy and quickly became one of the most popular dog breeds in the UK and the USA. The Cavalier is a sweet little dog. He is gentle and affectionate.
This breed got its name from King Charles II, who was also known as the Cavalier King. He loved this breed so much that it is believed he forbade anyone to deny the dogs’ access to any building, including their Houses of Parliament!
General Characteristic List.
Classification: Toy dog
Weight Range: Male: 13 to 18 lb
Female: 10 to 18 lbs
Height at Withers: Male: 13 inches
Female: 12 inches
Unique Features: Sweet facial expression with large, dark round eyes
Exercise Requirements: Not less than 20 minutes per day
Energy Level: Average
Life Expectancy: 9 to 14 years
The tendency to Drool: Low
The tendency to Snore: Low
The tendency to Dig: Low
Social/Attention Needs: High
Bred For: Flushing small birds, companion
Coat Length: Medium
Coat Characteristics: Flat
Coat Colours: Red; red and white; black and tan; tricolor
Overall Grooming Needs: High
Garden Requirements: No
Personality of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
Cavaliers have a charming personality. They are quiet and affectionate. These enchanting dogs are devoted to their human companions and love to play and interact. Their happy demeanour makes them excellent pets for homes with children.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is amicable towards other dogs. He quickly adapts to a multi-pet home. He is neither shy nor aggressive and is friendly towards strangers. When outdoors, this spaniel loves to sniff around, explore and chase even the tiniest butterfly.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels in the home.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is lively and energetic. He loves close human contact and can suffer separation anxiety when left alone for too long. He makes a wonderful companion for empty nesters. The perfect lap dog, the Cavalier loves to cuddle and spend time indoors.
This dog breed has a lustrous coat that requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles. Regular brushing of the teeth is essential because the Cavalier is prone to developing dental disease. The floppy ears need to be kept dry and clean to avoid ear infections. Needing only moderate daily walks, the Cavalier is well suited for apartment living.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is willing to please and highly trainable. He might prove a challenge when it comes to potty training but will eventually catch on. Reward-based training techniques have proven to deliver positive results. Some Cavaliers work as therapy dogs and excel in dog sports like agility and obedience.
The Cavalier Spaniel is likely to develop health concerns like heart disease, patellar luxation and hip dysplasia. Some Cavaliers are born with a malformation of the skull. This affects the dogs’ brains and spines. Symptoms may appear from six months and four years of age. Cavaliers may have dry eyes caused by an autoimmune condition affecting the tear glands. This is easy to manage with regular use of vet-approved eye drops. Left untreated, the dog may go blind.