King Charles Spaniel Breed Profile

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Breed ProfileCavalier King Charles Spaniel – Breed Profile

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Breed Profile.

King Charles Spaniel - Breed Profile

Bred from toy “comforter spaniels”, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a beautiful small dog that originated in the United Kingdom. This dog was top-rated among the wealthy and quickly became one of the most popular dog breeds in the UK and the USA. The Cavalier is a sweet little dog. He is gentle and affectionate.

This breed got its name from King Charles II, who was also known as the Cavalier King. He loved this breed so much that it is believed he forbade anyone to deny the dogs’ access to any building, including their Houses of Parliament!

General Characteristic List.

Classification: Toy dog

Weight Range: Male: 13 to 18 lb

Female: 10 to 18 lbs

Height at Withers: Male: 13 inches

Female: 12 inches

Unique Features: Sweet facial expression with large, dark round eyes


Exercise Requirements: Not less than 20 minutes per day

Energy Level: Average

Life Expectancy: 9 to 14 years

The tendency to Drool: Low

The tendency to Snore: Low

The tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: High

Bred For: Flushing small birds, companion

Coat Length: Medium

Coat Characteristics: Flat

Coat Colours: Red; red and white; black and tan; tricolor

Overall Grooming Needs: High

Garden Requirements: No

Prevalence: Common

Personality of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Cavaliers have a charming personality. They are quiet and affectionate. These enchanting dogs are devoted to their human companions and love to play and interact. Their happy demeanour makes them excellent pets for homes with children.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is amicable towards other dogs. He quickly adapts to a multi-pet home. He is neither shy nor aggressive and is friendly towards strangers. When outdoors, this spaniel loves to sniff around, explore and chase even the tiniest butterfly.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels in the home.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is lively and energetic. He loves close human contact and can suffer separation anxiety when left alone for too long. He makes a wonderful companion for empty nesters. The perfect lap dog, the Cavalier loves to cuddle and spend time indoors.

This dog breed has a lustrous coat that requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles. Regular brushing of the teeth is essential because the Cavalier is prone to developing dental disease. The floppy ears need to be kept dry and clean to avoid ear infections. Needing only moderate daily walks, the Cavalier is well suited for apartment living.


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is willing to please and highly trainable. He might prove a challenge when it comes to potty training but will eventually catch on. Reward-based training techniques have proven to deliver positive results. Some Cavaliers work as therapy dogs and excel in dog sports like agility and obedience.


The Cavalier Spaniel is likely to develop health concerns like heart disease, patellar luxation and hip dysplasia. Some Cavaliers are born with a malformation of the skull. This affects the dogs’ brains and spines. Symptoms may appear from six months and four years of age. Cavaliers may have dry eyes caused by an autoimmune condition affecting the tear glands. This is easy to manage with regular use of vet-approved eye drops. Left untreated, the dog may go blind.

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