Border Terrier – Breed Profile.
Border Terriers originated from North East England in the 18th century. They have long, narrow flexible bodies that help them get into narrow holes in the ground to flush out foxes. Their long legs help them run fast.
The Border Terriers have a double coat with a dense and short undercoat while the outer coat is rough. Their skin is loose and thick protecting them from bites during their fox hunting days.
General Characteristic List.
Weight Range: Male: 13 to 15 lb
Female: 11 to 14 lb
Height at Withers: Male: 11 inches
Female: 10 inches
Unique Features: Floppy ears
Exercise Requirements: 30 to 40 minutes a day
Energy Level: Average
Life Expectancy: 12 to 14 years
Tendency to Drool: Low
Tendency to Snore: Low
Tendency to Dig: High
Social/Attention Needs: Moderate
Bred For: Fox hunting
Coat Length: Medium
Coat Characteristics: Short, dense undercoat and wiry top coat
Coat Colours: Red, blue and tan, grizzle and tan, or pale yellow sometimes with a white patch on chest
Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate
Garden Requirements: Moderate
The Personality of the Border Terrier.
Border Terriers are good-tempered and independent. They are the friendliest of the terrier breed but are not social with other small animals like cats, rabbits and mice. Their hunting nature makes them fearless.
Borders are obedient, inquisitive and amicable. Though they tend to bark and dig with a tendency to wander off when an opportunity presents itself, they make excellent companions for everyone and are gentle with children.
Like all breeds, Border Terriers need to be exposed to many sights and sounds from an early age. Early socialisation will help to raise a more agreeable dog.
Border Terriers in the home.
Borders are affectionate with their families. They love to play and spend time with people. When spending time in a fenced-in yard, supervision is necessary to ensure the Borders don’t make an escape.
These wonderful dogs can easily gain weight and become obese. Borders shouldn’t be stuffed with dog treats or table scraps. Regular play and exercise, as well as diet monitoring, are the best ways to avoid excessive weight gain.
Border Terriers are not a high maintenance breed. Their coats are resistant to dirt. Baths should be limited to avoid softening the coat. Simply rubbing a towel over the coat should be enough to clean off any dirt. Because of their fearless nature Borders may get in over their heads and get injured. Special care should be given to protect them.
The Border Terrier is a quick study and is eager to please, making him easy to train. He is intelligent and will easily grasp simple rules. Bred to work independently away from his handlers, this dog maybe a little hesitant to respond to commands. Harsh language and treatment should be avoided during training. To keep the Border alert, leash training is encouraged.
All dogs are at risk of getting ill. Border Terriers are no different. They are however predisposed to health concerns like hip dysplasia, seizures, patellar luxation, heart defects and malocclusions.